Angora goats do not have a wide variety of illness.  The trick to raising a healthy angora goat and keeping her healthy is preventative intervention.  Right up there is having a good veterinarian.  Develop a repoire or meet your livestock veterinarian before you need him/her in an emergency.  At least call around to the various veterinarians and ask if they treat sheep/goats.  Or go to your local county fair and ask the sheep and goat producers who their vet is.

However, even with the best herd management, illness does strike.  Below, please find the most common ailments/conditions/afflictions of angora goats and how to prevent/treat them, and when to call the vet.

 

Lice

The angora goat gets a biting louse that eats the dander on the mohair. the lice are not transferable to humans.A regular lice prevention program is necessary to keep lice under control.  Sort of like fleas on the family dog, you have a program in place and keep in in place.  I use Ivermectin pour on.

 

Internal Parasites

There are many different types of internal parasites that affect angora goats.  As well as “worms”, in some parts of the country liver flukes are a problem as well.  There are many good wormers on the market. Over time, some have become ineffective because the parasites have developed resistance.  Good practice is to ask the producer you buy the goats from what wormer the goats have been medicated with and how often they receive it. Also ask them how well the wormer is working in their herd and if they are satisfied with it.  After you get your new goats home, the very best thing to do is to take a fecal sample to the vet, get an analysis, and go from there.  The vet will want to know what the goats have been receiving.

If the land you put the goats on has not been grazed in some time it will have a light “parasite load”.  If the land has been used extensively for years by grazing animals, the parasite load in the land may be high depending of herd density and pasture rotation practices. There is a lot of good literature available about managing your goats for internal and external parasites. Ask your vet.

Mites

Another problem are mites.  They burrow under the skin.  Lots of dandruff, bald spots, and scruffy areas that do not  respond to the usual delousing regime may be the culprit.

In the CAGBA Newsletter, Spring 2013, the following treatment was advised:If your bucks have scabs on the testicles or your goats have scabby ears and nose, they might have mites.  Mites burrow under the skin so scrapings by your vet probably won’t find them.  Treat with a generous dose of Eprinex directly on the testicles, udder area and ears.  Also run a line down the spine.  Retreat weekly for 3 weeks.  Concurrently give injectable Ivermectin + given SubQ at 1 cc per 25-30 pounds and also repeat weekly for 3 weeks.

Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis is usually part of the intestinal flora of the domesticated goat.  When goats are confined or raised in hay/ grain feeding situations with a larger population density of animals, coccidiosal infection can arise because of higher concentrations of coccidiosis in the environment.  Treatment with an anticoccidiosal solution such as CORID is available for individual and/or group dosing. Also, feed additives such as decox are effective.  Specific instructions for use are clearly labeled and some have limitations as to what species the Rx can be administrated to.  For instance, some coccidiostats are deadly to horses or cannot be fed to sheep.

Coccidiosis can kill.  It mainly affects kids and yearlings. The onset symptom is black diarrhea.  Adults seem to develop a resistance to the infection after 2 years old.  There are always exceptions, however. An adult goat who has not had prior exposure to the organism can get  coccidiosis.  A stool sample to your veterinarian for analysis will confirm the diagnosis.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is life threatening and often fatal. Have an antibiotic on hand  and give as instructed as soon as symptoms present themselves.  Call the vet for an emergent visit.  Sudden changes in the weather can bring on pneumonia in healthy goats.

Other Problems

If you are a new angora goat producer, I suggest you look around and buy some books on goat health.  There are many good ones on the market.  When I was a new angora goat producer, I found them very helpful.  Another resource is the person you bought the goat from.  He or she many be a wealth of knowledge and experience.  Of course your veterinarian is the best excellent resource.

 

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